Gum disease is a common oral health condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms of gum disease so that it can be recognised and treated early, preventing further complications. This blog post will explore gum disease’s various signs and symptoms and provide valuable information to help you identify and address this condition.

  1. Red, Swollen, or Tender Gums:

One of the primary signs of gum disease is red, swollen, or tender gums. Healthy gums should have a pinkish colour and feel firm to the touch. However, if your gums appear red, inflamed, or handle sensitive, it could indicate gum disease. Pay attention to any changes in the appearance or texture of your gums, as this could be an early warning sign.

  1. Bleeding Gums:

Gums that bleed during brushing, flossing, or eating can indicate gum disease. While occasional minor bleeding can occur due to vigorous brushing, persistent or excessive bleeding is abnormal and should be evaluated by a dental professional. Bleeding gums happen when the gum tissues become irritated and inflamed, often due to plaque and tartar buildup.

  1. Bad Breath:

Persistent bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be a symptom of gum disease. The bacteria present in plaque produce toxins that can cause an unpleasant odour. It may indicate underlying gum disease if you consistently experience bad breath, even after practising good oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing.

  1. Receding Gums:

Gum disease can cause the gums to recede or pull away from the teeth, exposing the tooth roots. Receding gums affect the aesthetic appearance of your smile and make the teeth more susceptible to sensitivity and decay. If your teeth appear longer or experience increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, it could be a sign of gum recession.

  1. Loose or Shifting Teeth:

As gum disease progresses, it can destroy the teeth’ supporting structures, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone. This can result in loose or shifting teeth. If your teeth feel loose or have changed their position, it is crucial to seek dental attention promptly to prevent further damage.

  1. Pus or Abscess Formation:

In advanced stages of gum disease, pockets of infection may develop between the gums and teeth, forming pus or abscesses. Pus is a sign of active infection and requires immediate dental intervention. If you notice any swelling, pain, or discharge of pus around your gums or teeth, seeing a dentist as soon as possible is essential.

  1. Changes in Bite or Jaw Alignment:

Severe gum disease can cause changes in your bite or jaw alignment. As the supporting structures of the teeth deteriorate, the teeth may shift, resulting in an altered bite pattern. You may notice discomfort or difficulty when biting or chewing, and your teeth may not fit together correctly. These changes can affect your oral function and should be addressed by a dental professional.

8. Pain or Discomfort:

In the advanced stages of gum disease, individuals may experience pain or discomfort in the gums, especially while chewing or applying pressure to the affected area.

9. Changes in the Fit of Dentures:

If you wear dentures, you may notice a change in how they fit or feel. Ill-fitting dentures can result from gum disease and should be addressed promptly.

10. Systemic Health Concerns:

Research has shown a link between gum disease and certain systemic health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory issues. If you have any of these conditions, it is crucial to maintain good oral hygiene and seek regular dental care.


Recognising the signs and symptoms of gum disease is crucial for maintaining optimal oral health. Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease can help prevent further complications and preserve oral health. Remember to keep a regular oral hygiene routine, including brushing twice daily, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for routine check-ups and cleanings. You can protect your gums and maintain a healthy smile for years by staying vigilant and proactive.

If you notice any signs of gum disease, don’t hesitate to consult our dental specialist in Solihull, near Birmingham, at Shiraz Endodontic Practice, who can properly diagnose and develop a personalised gum treatment plan to restore oral health.


Q: How common is gum disease?

Gum disease is quite common, with varying degrees of severity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of adults aged 30 and older in the United States have some form of gum disease.

Q: What are the risk factors for gum disease?

Several factors can increase the risk of gum disease, including poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, hormonal changes (during pregnancy or menopause), certain medications, diabetes, genetic predisposition, and a weakened immune system.

Q: Can gum disease be reversed?

The early stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis, can often be reversed with proper dental care. However, advanced stages of gum disease, called periodontitis, may require more intensive treatment to manage and control the condition.

Q: How is gum disease diagnosed?

A dentist or periodontist can diagnose gum disease through a comprehensive dental examination, which may include assessing the health of your gums, measuring periodontal pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums), and evaluating X-rays to assess bone loss.

Q: Can I prevent gum disease?

Yes, gum disease can often be prevented or minimised through good oral hygiene practices. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice daily, flossing daily, using an antimicrobial mouthwash, eating a balanced diet, avoiding tobacco products, and visiting your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.