Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a prevalent oral health condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to severe complications, including tooth loss and potential impacts on overall health. Choosing the proper gum disease treatment is crucial for managing the condition effectively and preserving oral health. This article will explore what you need to know about gum disease, its causes and symptoms, and the essential factors to consider before selecting a suitable gum treatment.

Understanding Gum Disease:

Gum disease is a bacterial infection affecting the gums, bones, and ligaments supporting teeth. It begins with gingivitis, which is characterised by inflamed and bleeding gums. If not treated promptly, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that trap bacteria and further destroy the surrounding tissues.

Causes and Risk Factors of Gum Disease:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene:

Inadequate brushing and flossing can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar along the gumline, contributing to gum disease.

  • Tobacco Use:

Smoking and chewing tobacco increase the risk of gum disease and hinder the healing of gum tissues.

  • Hormonal Changes:

Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause can make gums more susceptible to inflammation and gum disease.

  • Certain Medications:

Some medications, such as anticonvulsants and calcium channel blockers, can cause gum overgrowth and increase the risk of gum disease.

  • Genetic Predisposition:

Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gum disease, making them more susceptible to it. 

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease:

  • Bleeding Gums:

One of the earliest signs of gum disease is bleeding gums, particularly during brushing or flossing.

  • Swollen and Tender Gums:

Inflamed gums that appear red, swollen, and tender to the touch are common symptoms of gum disease.

  • Bad Breath (Halitosis):

Persistent bad breath that doesn’t improve with oral hygiene may indicate gum disease.

  • Receding Gums:

As gum disease progresses, the gums may recede, exposing more of the tooth’s root surface.

  • Loose or Shifting Teeth:

Advanced gum disease can cause the teeth to become loose or shift position, affecting your bite and overall dental health.

Factors to Consider Before Choosing Gum Treatment:

  • The severity of Gum Disease:

The extent and severity of gum disease will influence the type of treatment recommended. Non-surgical therapies may manage mild cases, while advanced  cases may require gum surgery.

  • Personal Oral Health Habits:

Improving oral hygiene is crucial for successful gum treatment and preventing disease recurrence.

  • Underlying Health Conditions:

Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and immune disorders, can impact gum disease and its treatment. Inform your dentist about any medical conditions you may have.

  • Professional Evaluation:

Seek an evaluation from a dentist or periodontist to determine the extent of gum disease and receive personalised treatment recommendations.

  • Non-Surgical vs Surgical Treatment:

Non-surgical treatments like scaling and root planing are effective for early-stage gum disease. Surgical interventions may be necessary for advanced cases.

  • Long-Term Maintenance:

Long-term maintenance is required for successful gum treatment. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential for preventing disease recurrence.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Can gum disease be treated at home with natural remedies?

A: While home remedies like saltwater rinses and oil pulling can complement professional gum disease treatment, they are insufficient to treat gum disease. Professional evaluation and intervention are essential for managing gum disease effectively.

Q: Is gum disease treatment painful?

A: The discomfort experienced during gum disease treatment can vary depending on the severity of the disease and the type of treatment. Non-surgical treatments like scaling and root planing may cause some sensitivity, but local anaesthesia can minimise discomfort during the procedure.

Q: Can I still keep my teeth if I have advanced gum disease?

A: Even in cases of advanced gum disease, saving and retaining teeth with appropriate treatment is possible. However, the success of treatment depends on the extent of the disease, the patient’s commitment to oral hygiene, and timely intervention.

Q: Will my gums return to normal after treatment?

A: With effective gum disease treatment and diligent oral hygiene, gums can improve significantly. However, complete restoration to the original condition may not be possible in severe gum recession or tissue loss cases.


Choosing the proper gum disease treatment is essential for managing the condition effectively and preserving oral health. Understanding the causes and symptoms of gum disease are factors to consider before selecting a therapy will empower you to make informed decisions about your gum health. By seeking professional evaluation, adopting proper oral hygiene, and following your dentist’s recommendations, you can embark on a successful gum treatment journey and maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for years.