Gum recession is a common dental problem that affects many individuals. It occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth wears away or pulls back, exposing the tooth roots. If left untreated, receding gums can lead to tooth sensitivity, tooth decay, and even tooth loss. Fortunately, gum specialists, known as periodontists, play a crucial role in restoring receding gums and improving oral health. In this article, we will explore the importance of gum specialists and their various treatment options.

Understanding Gum Recession

Before delving into the role of gum specialists, it is essential to understand the causes and consequences of gum recession. Several factors can contribute to receding gums, including:

1.Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can lead to the buildup of plaque and tartar, which can irritate and inflame the gums, causing them to recede.

2.Gum disease: Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is the primary cause of gum recession. This bacterial infection destroys the gum tissue and supporting structures, leading to gum recession.

3.Genetics: Some individuals are genetically predisposed to have thin or weak gum tissue, making them more susceptible to gum recession.

4.Aggressive brushing: Brushing your teeth too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can cause the gum tissue to wear away over time.

5.Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those experienced during pregnancy or menopause, can make the gums more sensitive and prone to recession.

The Role of Gum Specialists

Gum specialists, or periodontists, are dental professionals specialising in preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum diseases and conditions. They undergo extensive training beyond dental school to become experts in gum health. Here are some key roles that gum specialists play in restoring receding gums:

1. Diagnosis and Evaluation

Gum specialists are trained to identify the early signs of gum recession and diagnose the underlying causes. They will thoroughly examine your gums, measure the depth of the gum pockets, and assess the overall health of your gums and teeth. This evaluation helps them develop a personalised treatment plan tailored to their needs.

2. Non-Surgical Treatments

In many cases, gum recession can be treated non-surgically. Gum specialists may recommend the following non-invasive treatments:

●Scaling and root planing: This deep cleaning removes plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces and smooths the root surfaces to promote gum reattachment.

●Antibiotics: Gum specialists may prescribe antibiotics to control bacterial infection and reduce inflammation in the gums.

●Professional dental cleanings: Regular dental cleanings help remove plaque and tartar buildup, preventing further gum recession.

3. Surgical Treatments

In more severe cases of gum recession, surgical intervention may be necessary. Gum specialists are skilled in performing various surgical procedures to restore receding gums, including:

●Gum grafting: This procedure involves taking tissue from another area of your mouth, such as the palate, and grafting it onto the receded gum area to cover the exposed tooth roots.

●Pocket reduction surgery: Also known as flap surgery, this procedure involves lifting the gum tissue to remove bacteria and reduce the depth of the gum pockets. The gum tissue is then secured and put back in place to promote healing.

●Regenerative procedures: Gum specialists may use regenerative techniques, such as bone grafts or guided tissue regeneration, to stimulate the growth of new bone and gum tissue.

4. Ongoing Maintenance and Prevention

Gum specialists play a crucial role in the long-term maintenance and prevention of gum recession. They will provide personalised oral hygiene instructions and recommend regular follow-up visits to monitor your gum health. By practising good oral hygiene habits and visiting your gum specialist regularly, you can prevent further gum recession and maintain optimal oral health.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can I prevent gum recession?

Maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice daily, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly, can help prevent gum recession. Avoiding aggressive brushing and quitting tobacco use can also contribute to gum health.

2. Is gum recession reversible?

In the early stages, gum recession can be halted and even reversed with proper treatment and improved oral hygiene practices. However, advanced cases may require surgical intervention to restore the gum tissue.

3. How long does it take to recover from gum grafting surgery?

The recovery time for gum grafting surgery varies depending on the extent of the procedure. Generally, the initial healing takes about 1-2 weeks, and complete healing may take several months.

4. Are there any risks associated with gum surgery?

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks associated with gum surgery. These risks may include infection, bleeding, swelling, and discomfort. However, gum specialists take necessary precautions and provide post-operative instructions to minimise these risks.

5. How often should I visit a gum specialist?

The frequency of your visits to a gum specialist will depend on your individual oral health needs. In general, it is recommended to visit a gum specialist at least once or twice a year for routine check-ups and cleanings. However, if you have existing gum disease or are at a higher risk for gum recession, more frequent visits may be necessary.


Gum specialists, or periodontists, play a vital role in restoring receding gums and improving oral health. They are trained to diagnose and treat gum recession using non-surgical and surgical techniques. By seeking the expertise of a gum specialist and following their recommendations, you can effectively address gum recession and prevent further complications. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene and schedule regular visits to your gum specialist to ensure optimal health.